The Philippines 2016 General Election: Audits

To promote transparency and build trust, Smartmatic and Comelec conducted a series of audits which involved the key elements of the automated election system:

Source code review. Comelec accredited eight groups, including major political parties and poll watchdogs, to examine the source code of the platform and ensure that all three components of the system -- vote counting machines (VCM), election management software (EMS) and the consolidation and canvassing system (CCS) -- followed the requirements of the law and work properly.

The source code review process began on October 1, 2015, and ran until the third week of April. In addition to this process, the US-based company SLI Global also certified that the source code is election-ready.

Hardware Acceptance Testing. All hardware was physically tested in the presence of Comelec to show and validate that everything worked as intended and met the required specifications. 

Pre-election Logical Accuracy Test (PRE-LAT). The pre-election logical accuracy test was conducted to verify the configuration of each machine to be deployed. The test simulated an entire electoral cycle.

Final Testing and Sealing (FTS). The FTS was performed on each VCM one week before the E-Day. This test, which involved inserting ten ballots into the machine as a final check before the actual elections and the sealing of the machine so that no further handling is permitted, is performed by the Board of Election Inspectors and witnessed by political parties.

Random Manual Audit (RMA). The Random Manual Audit is a test that validates the accuracy of the count. Immediately after the elections, 1% of the machines all over the country are randomly selected to compare the electronic count vis a vis the manual count.