Offcially known as the Kingdom of Belgium, it combines a hereditary constitutional Monarchy with a federal parliamentary democracy.
Belgium has a particular form of government state structure based on areas deﬁned by language and/or geographical location. In 1993, a constitutional revision established a unique federal state with segregated political power into three levels:
- The federal government, based in Brussels.
- The three regions:
- the Flemish Region, subdivided into five provinces;
- the Walloon Region, subdivided into five provinces;
- the Brussels-Capital Region.
- The three language communities:
- the Flemish Community (Dutch-speaking);
- the French Community (French-speaking);
- the German-speaking Community.
Voting in Belgium is compulsory for everyone over 18, and citizens can be fined for not participating. This is one reason why Belgium has 90% voter turnout among an electorate of over 8.17 million people (May 2019). Approximately 49% of Belgians vote electronically.