About Belgium

Offcially known as the Kingdom of Belgium, it combines a hereditary constitutional Monarchy with a federal parliamentary democracy.

Belgium has a particular form of government state structure based on areas defined by language and/or geographical location. In 1993, a constitutional revision established a unique federal state with segregated political power into three levels:

  1. The federal government, based in Brussels.
  2. The three regions:
    1. the Flemish Region, subdivided into five provinces;
    2. the Walloon Region, subdivided into five provinces;
    3. the Brussels-Capital Region.
  3. The three language communities:
    1. the Flemish Community (Dutch-speaking);
    2. the French Community (French-speaking);
    3. the German-speaking Community.

    Voting in Belgium is compulsory for everyone over eighteen years old. Penalties are applied to those who refuse to turn up on Election Day. This is probably one of the reasons why Belgium has one of the highest rates of voter turnout in the world. More than 90% of registered citizens usually vote, out of an electorate of over 8 million people (May 2014). Approximately 49% of Belgians vote electronically.