Brazil’s municipal elections, 2012: Automated voting in Brazil

We supplied crucial support in the shape of training and equipment maintenance services for these Brazilian elections. The country was already one of the world’s leading automated voting pioneers. Find out more on this page.

Electronic voting pioneers

Brazil was an electronic voting early adopter. Like most countries, it gradually implemented different technological solutions at various stages of the electoral cycle (see key milestones below).

In Brazil, regulating, administering and judging electoral processes is handled by one single institution, the Tribunal Superior Eleitoral (TSE), or Electoral Superior Court – and this has helped facilitate and simplify the uptake of new technology.

Key milestones in Brazil’s adoption of voting technology

1982 – Computerised results totaling
1985 – Automation of voter registry
1995 – Law passed to allow use of electronic voting machines
1996 – 1/3rd of voting population voted used voting machines
1998 – 2/3rds population used voting machines
2000 – Entire voting population used voting machines
2008 – Biometric authentication of voters in municipal elections
2016 – Biometric authentication for whole country

The Brazilian voting process consists of four separate steps:

  1. Voter identification
  2. Vote casting
  3. Vote tallying (each electronic ballot box)
  4. Vote tallying

Computer technology has been employed in all of those four steps. The elections held on October 2012 served over 140 million registered voters.