Measurable characteristics that indicate the degree to which a system is available to, and usable by, individuals with disabilities. The most common disabilities include those associated with vision, hearing and mobility, as well as cognitive disabilities.
Ability to guarantee that the source of the actions cannot repudiate their execution each process.
System ability to reflect legitimately, faithfully and deterministically the voters will. This criterion addresses other critical features as security and usability.
Physical device that an authorized personnel is given to ease authentication into the voting machine or voting device. The token is used in addition to or in place of a password to prove that the user is who they claim to be.
Office or agency where the duties of a set of contest is practiced. Usually there are several kind of administrative bodies and the characteristics of the body depends heavily on the power branch whose the administrative body belongs. Some administrative bodies are
System ability that guarantees the secrecy of the vote.
Use privacy instead.
Systematic, independent, documented process for obtaining records, statements of fact or other relevant information and assessing them objectively to determine the extent to which specified requirements are fulfilled.
Recorded information that allows election officials to review the activities that occurred on the voting equipment to verify or reconstruct the steps followed without compromising the ballot or voter secrecy.
Votes collection by means of voting devices or voting equipment.
The percentage of time during which a system is operating properly and available for use.
Area used to display and group the different ballot options that will be presented to the voters during the election process.
Refers to a "graphical" template or model that are defined/used to ensure that the different graphical elements produced by the system regarding the ballots and voting instruments have the desired pattern or model.
See also: ballot format
Temporarily sealed container, usually square box though sometimes a tamper resistant bag, with a narrow slot in the top sufficient to accept a ballot paper in an election but which prevents anyone from accessing the votes cast until the close of the voting period.
Identifies the different types of ballots that will be supported in an election event.
Set of ballot classes which are treated as an individual entity in the system because they have to be shown as a group to the voters from a particular administrative entity.
See also: ballot class
Contains details, such as ballot arts, classes, and class collections, as well as ballot positions and ballot options, representing precisely the ballot as defined by election officials.
The concrete presentation of the contents of a ballot appropriate to the particular voting technology being used.
See also: ballot art template
Entails the generation of all the instruments required for the electoral event. This includes not only the ballots where the voter selects his/her preferred options but also all materials needed to conduct the election such as: voters lists, count forms, indelible ink, among others.
Information provided to the voter during the voting session that describes the procedure for executing a ballot. Such material may (but need not) appear directly on the ballot.
Identifies a possible choice which the voter can select when he is voting. A ballot option is the relationship between a nomination and a supporting party. As the basic entity used to vote it is required that every nomination must have at least a supporting party to be presented as a valid option to the voter.
Graphical model or template that should be used to display a ballot option to the voter. As it names suggest this concept is just a model that the system will use to produce the actual resources required to present all available ballot options using the desired pattern.
A specific place in a ballot where a voter's selection for a particular contest may be indicated. Positions may be connected to row and column numbers on the face of a voting machine or ballot, particular bit positions in a binary record of a ballot (for example, an electronic ballot image), the equivalent in some other form. Ballot positions are bound to specific contests and candidate names by the ballot configuration.
Selecting the specific contests and questions to be contained in a ballot format and related instructions; preparing and testing election-specific software containing these selections; producing all possible ballot formats; and validating the correctness of ballot materials and software containing these selections for an upcoming election.
Process of generating all voting instruments as well as their preparation and packaging into electoral kits.
Device used to read the voter selection data from a paper ballot or ballot card.
See ballot configuration
Graphical model or template that should be used to display and group the different ballot options that are shown to the voter in the voting experience. As it names suggest this concept is just a model that the system will use to identify and group how the different available options are displayed to the voter.
See also: ballot format
"For most voters Election Day was a fairly simple and trouble-free experience… The feedback from the polling places was that voters liked the new system” | Langdon D. Neal, Chairman Chicago Board of Election Commissioners and David Orr, Cook County Clerk from Chicago, 2006.
“By all accounts, this second automated election has proceeded in a satisfactory manner, with the system and the vast majority of machines working as they were intended…” | Edwin Lacierda, Philippines' Presidential Spokesperson, 2013.
“After having monitored 92 elections, I can say that Venezuela has the best voting system in the world, since it makes verifying the electoral results easier. It allows electronic voting and offers a physical, printed backup of the votes” | Jimmy Carter, former US President, founder of the Carter Center, 2012.
“This year’s Elections have had the least cost per voter since 1996. The 2012 Municipal Elections had a cost of R$ 395,270,694 for the treasury, equivalent to R$ 2.81 per voter (...) 27% less than in 2010 (...) The more the planning, the lower the cost” | Cármen Antunes, President of the Tribunal Supremo Eleitoral, 2012.